To address pollution in the Ganga in Kanpur, the Uttar Pradesh government has awarded a ₹893-crore tender to the Shapoorji Pallonji conglomerate. The funds, to be made available from the ₹20,000 crore National Mission for Clean Ganga, will be largely spent on constructing new sewage treatment plants (STPs), repairing old ones and ensuring that these plants operate at their rated capacity for a minimum of 15 years. In Uttar Pradesh, Kanpur is the biggest contributor to pollution in the Ganga. In 2016, 450 MLD (million litres per day) of sewage was generated in Kanpur of which only 140 was treated. This, despite there already being STPs with a capacity of 425 MLD. A poor sewerage network has contributed to this capacity being underutilised and ensuring a cleaner Ganga requires better sewage treatment in the city, according to experts.“This is one of the major projects in the mission,” said Rajiv Ranjan Mishra, Director, NMCG, “and part of the one city-one operator approach that we have adopted.” Unlike previous efforts to clean the Ganga, the NMCG has opted to farm out building of STPs to private contractors instead of the traditional approach of having State bodies run them. As part of this arrangement, the government will fund 40% of the capital costs in the first two years and the rest over 15 years along with operation and maintenance charges.Kanpur zone tenderThe Kanpur zone tender involves building a 30 MLD STP in Pankha, 15 MLD plant in Unnao and 5 MLD plant in Shuklaganj. Along with being operated and maintained for 15 years, an existing 130 MLD plant in Jajmau would be “rehabilitated” as would a 43 MLD STP at Jajmau, a 210 MLD STP at Bingawan and a 42 MLD STP at Sajri. The SP group would also be required to build a network of drain interceptors, sewage pumping stations (systems that ensure sewage which doesn’t make it to sewer lines is mechanically shunted to STPs) and maintain them for 15 years.