APTN National NewsThe University of Zurich in Switzerland has begun a global study of how children learn their native tongue.Linguistic researchers are travelling all over the world to examine 10 different languages and how they are taught and learned in the home and school.APTN’s Larissa Burnouf met up with the team in northern Saskatchewan.
Darrell StrangerAPTN NewsHomelessness and drug use forced a community in Winnipeg to put out a call for the Bear Clan patrol to step in and help.The patrol doesn’t normally walk the streets of Winnipeg’s North Point Douglas – but on Wednesday night, with the help of the Winnipeg police, they went and had a look.According to the Bear Clan, members of the community started asking for help during the firstname.lastname@example.org
Secretary-General António Guterres joined the wider United Nations and its international partners in congratulating Mohamed Abdullahi ‘Farmajo’ upon his election as the Somalia’s new President and pledging to work with him and his new Government to tackle urgent national priorities, including averting famine.In a statement issued by his spokesperson, Mr. Guterres also commended the African Union Mission, known as AMISOM, and the Somali security forces for ensuring a secure environment during yesterday’s poll.“The Secretary-General expresses the hope that President Mohamed Abdullahi ‘Farmajo’ will move expeditiously to form an inclusive Cabinet. The new Government and federal member states should together tackle urgent national priorities immediately, including finalizing the constitution and establishing effective national security forces,” the statement said.It went on to stress that the current humanitarian situation created by the drought and the imperative of averting a famine should, however, “be at the top of the agenda,” and that the United Nations stands ready to support the Government in this regard.“[Mr. Guterres] also expresses his appreciation to international partners, including the African Union, the European Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the League of Arab States and donor countries for their vital support to the electoral process and continuing humanitarian assistance,” said the statement.Through it the UN chief also commended former President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud and Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke for the work of the Federal Government of Somalia during their terms of office and for facilitating a smooth handover to the new President and his government.A separate congratulatory statement was issued earlier on behalf of the UN, the African Union (AU), the European Union (EU), IGAD, Ethiopia, Italy, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. “The international partners urge all political forces in Somalia to work together in support of President Farmajo and the incoming government,” the statement read.Distributed by the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM), the statement also noted the need for reconciliation and the peaceful resolution of a number of local conflicts, as well as the resumption of the constitutional review process. The Somali Parliament selected the new president yesterday in two rounds of vote. A one-person, one-vote election is expected in 2020.The international community welcomed the election results and commended outgoing Federal President Hassan Sheikh Mohamed and his Government for their “many achievements” over the past four years.They also thanked him for a “gracious” concession speech that facilitated a peaceful and orderly transfer of power in decades.“Yesterday’s orderly and peaceful transfer of power is a major achievement for Somalia and should boost confidence in the country’s future both at home and abroad,” said Michael Keating, Special Representative of the Secretary-General in Somalia and head of UNSOM.He added “Hambalyo Somalia” in Somali, which translates to “Congratulations Somalia.”
In the run up to Game 1 of the Western Conference Finals between the Oklahoma City Thunder and San Antonio Spurs, the Serge Ibaka story dominated the series. Ibaka injured his calf in the final game of the Thunder’s series against the Clippers and isn’t expected to return, leaving the Thunder without their starting power forward. It was clear how that might become a problem for the Thunder; Ibaka was one of the most active and effective rim defenders this season, according to the NBA’s SportVU Player Tracking. He defended an average of 9.5 shots at the rim per game (defined as any shot attempt where he was within 5 feet of both the basket and the shooter), seventh most in the league, and held opponents to 43.9 percent shooting on those attempts, sixth lowest among players who defended at least five shots at the rim per game.Without Ibaka on the floor, the Spurs partied down low Monday night, making 67 percent of their shots in the paint, 33 of 49 overall. With Ibaka healthy, the Thunder’s playoff opponents had made only 51 percent of their inside shots.Scott Brooks, Oklahoma City’s coach, decided to go small for much of Game 1, playing Kevin Durant at power forward and entirely neglecting a big lineup that had been instrumental in helping close out the Clippers. According to SportVU, the Thunder defended 34 shots at the rim Monday night, just a touch under the 35.1 they’ve been averaging in the playoffs. But far fewer of those shots were defended by front-court players — the tall guys.Thunder Defense at the RimDurant, Russell Westbrook and Reggie Jackson are fantastic, but their size offers less resistance at the rim than a guy nicknamed “Iblocka.” During the regular season, those three players combined to defend 6.3 shots at the rim per game. On Monday night, they defended 16. The Spurs made 12 of them.In Game 2, there may be an opportunity to play Steven Adams more minutes, but the Thunder simply don’t have the bodies to avoid these small lineups. If they can’t figure out how to assemble a better defensive structure with the players available, this series might not last long.
Of all the storylines to watch as Major League Baseball begins the second half of the 2018 season, the most interesting might be whether the Seattle Mariners can hold on to their current position in the standings — and, in the process, end the longest active postseason drought in major professional sports. (The Mariners earned this dubious honor when the Buffalo Bills grabbed an AFC wild card last season.)It’s been a magical start to the summer so far in Seattle. Picked preseason to finish around .500, the Mariners instead sit nearly 20 games over that benchmark. Surprisingly, they spent much of the first half challenging the defending champion Houston Astros for the top spot in the American League West; they’ve also built for themselves a three-game cushion over the division-rival Oakland A’s in the race for the AL’s second wild card. (And they’ve done it even after losing star second baseman Robinson Cano, who was putting up great numbers before getting busted for steroids in mid-May.) If the regular season ended today, the M’s would finally be back in the playoffs.That would be a major accomplishment for a Seattle club that hasn’t tasted postseason baseball since its disappointing five-game exit from the American League Championship Series 17 years ago. When my former colleague Rob Arthur wrote about the Mariners’ streak a few seasons back, he found that no team in baseball had made the playoffs fewer times relative to expectation (based on their regular-season records) since 1998 than Seattle. It’s undeniable that, with just a little better luck, the Mariners would have sneaked into the playoffs at least a few times over the span of their drought. In that regard, they are long overdue to catch a break.In 2018, however, Seattle might be collecting all of the extra good fortune it’s owed at once. According to The Baseball Gauge, no first-half team exceeded its expected record more through luck in close games or favorable “sequencing”1Bunching hits within innings on offense and scattering them across innings on defense. than the Mariners. For instance, if you simply looked at Seattle’s runs scored (412) and allowed (414), you’d think it was precisely the .500-ish team that the preseason projections had called for. Instead, the Mariners have gone 26-12 in one-run games, which — while not exactly in 2016 Texas Rangers territory — suggests they could be due for a serious second-half downturn.In fact, Seattle’s combination of win-loss record and negative run differential is so unusual that it’s tough to find similar historical teams. Since 1950, the Mariners are the only team to be 19 games over .500 through a similar stage of the season2Specifically, between 90 and 100 games into the schedule. while also having a run differential below zero. But if we just limit ourselves to the 13 teams that were at least 10 wins above .500 and had outscored opponents by 10 runs or fewer through 97 games, those clubs won only 51 percent of their games over the rest of the season (an 83-win pace per 162). So the Mariners probably shouldn’t expect to keep cruising along at a clip remotely close to their current .598 winning percentage.Indeed, if the wheels do fall off for Seattle, naysayers may point to the team’s poor play just before the All-Star break — eight losses in its last 11 games — as a sign of when things started to go wrong. But ace pitcher James Paxton will be back from the disabled list soon, and Cano is eligible to return Aug. 14. Meanwhile, the time off should benefit the slumping quintet of Kyle Seager, Jean Segura, Dee Gordon, Ryon Healy and Nelson Cruz, each of whom seemed to be running out of gas heading into the break.In the bigger picture, there’s also something to be said for the team’s overall balance as an antidote to the notion of an impending collapse. The Mariners are one of only six teams in baseball to rank among the top 10 in wins above replacement3Averaging together the WAR values found at Baseball-Reference.com and FanGraphs. from both its pure hitting and its pitching, joining the Astros, Red Sox, Yankees, Indians and Dodgers — pretty good company! Of course, that brushes aside Mariner weaknesses such as baserunning (they rank 24th) and fielding (20th), but it also underscores that despite Seattle’s uninspiring run differential, the fundamentals of the team aren’t necessarily unsound.In order to stay on course for the playoffs, Seattle will need to keep getting unexpected performances like the ones they’ve enjoyed from first-time All-Star Mitch Haniger and journeyman-turned-10-game winner Marco Gonzales. Closer Edwin Diaz (who leads baseball with 36 saves) will have to keep slamming the door shut in the ninth inning, and the lineup will need to continue hitting well in big moments. None of that will be easy, especially not with Oakland zooming up in the rearview mirror. But after nearly two decades of the pieces never falling into place for a postseason push, it’s high time the Mariners had the breaks go their way.Check out our latest MLB predictions.
The Boys of Columbus face two key early-season tests that could derail their road back to New Orleans for next year’s BCS National Championship Game. OSU struggled in every road game except Minnesota in 2010. After two cupcake home games against Akron and Toledo, the Buckeyes play at Miami (Fla.) in week three. The Hurricanes played zombie football the last half of 2010 — anyone who watched Notre Dame dismantle them in the Sun Bowl could see that. The new eye of the Hurricanes, Al Golden, is a strict disciplinarian. He’ll have slackers running stadium stairs or shown the door. Come week five, the Spartans will visit Columbus. If the NCAA reduces the suspensions of Pryor, Herron, Posey, Adams and Thomas to four games, this could be their first game of the season. But if the NCAA upholds the suspensions, it’s likely Joe Bauserman, Jordan Hall, Corey Brown, Chris Fields, Andrew Norwell and Adam Bellamy will play major roles in beating Sparty, who loses veteran players on defense but returns with a strong offense. If OSU goes without the suspended five against Sparty, it might be a home underdog, which is rare for the Buckeyes. The last time this happened was against USC in 2009. The Sugar Bowl triumph feels good, but OSU might have mortgaged away another national title run in the process. “Through all adversity lies a blessing.” Solomon Thomas said that after Ohio State’s Sugar Bowl victory over Arkansas on Jan. 4. In a game full of turbulence, it was fitting that five of the Shameful Six played fabulous roles in the win. But now it’s time to look to next season. By letting those players work their magic in the bowl, OSU might have cursed its 2011 national title hopes. Thomas, Terrelle Pryor, Dan Herron, DeVier Posey and Mike Adams say they’ll return next season, putting OSU ahead of the Big Ten class: Michigan State will lose key players, including All-American linebacker Greg Jones; Wisconsin will lose powerhouse Scott Tolzein, winner of the Johnny Unitas Golden Arm Award, given to the top senior quarterback; Iowa has to start over; and Michigan is nowhere to be found. Big Ten newcomers, the Nebraska Cornhuskers, will compete for the 2011 conference crown with quarterback Taylor Martinez. However, it’s a catch-22 for OSU: The Shameful Six were allowed to play in the Sugar Bowl, but all except Jordan Whiting can’t play the first five games of next season for their part in Tattoo-gate. OSU appealed to reduce the suspensions. The Sugar Bowl win salvaged 2010 for the Buckeyes, who snapped their nine-bowl-game losing streak against the SEC, dating to 1978. By letting the suspended athletes play in the bowl, OSU might have pulled the plug on a 2011 National Championship run.
The following letter was sent to President David Granger on behalf of the people of the United States: Dear Mr. President:On behalf of the people of the United States, I congratulate you and the citizens of the Co-operative Republic of Guyana on the occasion of your Republic Day.As you mark 47 years as a republic, know that the United States remains as committed as ever to our close friendship and partnership on common interests such as economic development, good governance, and environmental protection.I would also like to acknowledge Guyana’s role as a regional leader, which has been clearly on display since you assumed the rotating chair of the Caribbean Community on January 1.I offer my sincere wishes to you, your family, and the Guyanese people for a beautiful Mashramani and Republic Day.Sincerely,Donald J. Trump Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)RelatedU.S. President congratulates Guyana on 49th Republic AnniversaryFebruary 22, 2019In “latest news”Trump congratulates Guyana on 48th Republic AnniversaryFebruary 23, 2018In “latest news”Republic Day MessagesFebruary 23, 2015In “Opinion”
Technically World of Warcraft: Cataclysm shouldn’t class as a game in its own right as it’s an expansion to an existing game. But in terms of sales, it still counts as a release and therefore can break sales records. And it’s with little surprise that we find Blizzard’s latest MMO expansion has broken PC game sales records.Having been released on December 7, World of Warcraft: Cataclysm managed to rack up 4.7 million sales by the end of 2010. That sets a new record for PC game sales in a single month.The huge sales were helped by the fact that Blizzard did a simultaneous release across the United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Chile, Europe, Russia, Southeast Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Macau followed two days later. As for how the actual sales broke down, 3.3 million were pre-orders shipped on day one, the other 1.4 million were sold during the rest of December with many likely finding a place under Christmas trees.While 4.7 million copies sold may seem like a lot, it only accounts for just over a third of the World of Warcraft player base currently estimated at more then 12 million players. It’s inevitable that many of those players will end up purchasing the Cataclysm expansion eventually as they continue to eat through the content offered in the original game and other expansions.Read more at the Blizzard press release, via 1UPMatthew’s OpinionBlizzard can seemingly do no wrong with its money-printing MMO. Everyone at the company and at owner Activision will be extremely happy with these sales figures. Inevitably the focus will soon turn to the next expansion, but just as importantly discussions as to what game will eventually replace WoW.As we have seen with other popular MMOs like Everquest, even when subscriber numbers start to drop off many years after launch it can be worthwhile supporting a game with continued new content. WoW will still be online in 5 years time or even 10, it may be the case that we have a WoW 2 by then, but the original will still have a dedicated player base Blizzard would do well to support.
In the wee hours of the morning, RIM finally made the PlayBook OS 2 update available for download on its servers. Just a month shy of its one-year anniversary, the PlayBook has gotten a huge shot in the arm in terms of functionality.You’re likely familiar with one of the shortcomings the update addresses: the lack of proper email, contacts, and calendar apps. They’re all included as standard starting in PlayBook OS 2.0, and they go a long way to making the PlayBook a proper standalone computing device. No longer are BlackBerry Bridge and a BlackBerry phone required simply to arrange a schedule or flip through an address book… or view your inbox.The PlayBook’s built-in video chat feature has also been updated, and it adds a bit of multitasking functionality. Presenter Mode allows users to continue chatting while flicking through notes or presentation slides — or even while firing up the web browser to fact-check something as you discuss. It also lets you use your tablet as a videoconferencing gateway: just plug in the HDMI cable and hook up a big-screen TV to give the whole boardroom a life-sized view of your chat partner. It’ll look good, too, with the PlayBook’s full HD front-facing camera pushing the video feed at the other end.A smattering of social networking has also made its way to the new OS, with LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook profile data all available in the contacts app. BlackBerry Bridge has been upgraded, too. It’s no longer just a crutch that provides missing built-in functionality for the PlayBook. It now offers full remote control capabilities for the PlayBook. Better still, it looks like the new Bridge app will let you set up your BlackBerry as a Bluetooth input device on anything that supports HIDs — one CrackBerry forum members hooked his up to a PS3 and used the QWERTY keypad to make searching easier.Curiously, RIM’s official release post doesn’t even mention what’s possibly the most talked-about addition to PlayBook OS 2: the Android App Player. That’s probably because the average use won’t ever see the player working. He or she will simply download a ported app from Appworld, tap to launch it, and the PlayBook’s Android VM will take its position in the background and bring the app up full screen.Geekier types, of course, will be anxiously trying to jailbreak PlayBook OS 2 so that they can get the Android Market running and install all the Android apps they want. To do that, you may have to wait for the release of Dingleberry 4.0 — which is already being actively developed to satisfy your PlayBook root cravings.More at Inside BlackBerry
THE FIRST WEEKEND of March is closing in and it will bring a moment of judgement for hurling sides around the country as the Allianz hurling league round-robin series concludes. Plenty at stake for the competing hurling counties this weekend.Round 5 matches are scheduled for Sunday afternoon, here’s how it is set up with places in the knockout stages at stake.Division 1A and 1BThere are eight quarter-final spots up for grabs, split between the two divisions with the top four in each qualifying. Here’s the state of play in Division 1A and the current positions in Division 1B.Limerick are the only side from Division 1A assured of a passage with the other five counties – Wexford, Kilkenny, Cork, Clare and Tipperary – all still in with a chance of nailing down a quarter-final place while Galway, Dublin and Waterford are already guaranteed berths from Division 1B. Kilkenny hurling boss Brian Cody. Source: Ryan Byrne/INPHOThe last spot from 1B will be filled by Laois (3 points) or Carlow (2 points) in fourth place. Laois travel to face Dublin on Sunday while Carlow entertain Offaly.It’s already determined that Offaly will be in the relegation play-off against Laois or Carlow with the losers dropping to Division 2A.The quarter-final pairings will be:1st Division 1A v 4th Division 1B2nd Division 1A v 3rd Division 1B3rd Division 1A v 2nd Division 1B4th Division 1A v 1st Division 1BThe quarter-finals will be on a home or away basis, depending on how many home games a team has had in the regulation series. These take place on Sunday 10 March with the semi-finals at neutral venues on 16 March and the final pencilled in for 24 March. Limerick hurling manager John Kiely. Source: Ryan Byrne/INPHOWith a league restructuring on the cards for 2020, the bottom two teams in 1A will play-off to determine their overall positions in the table with a view to next year. The bottom two sides in 1B will play-off with the loser relegated to Division 2A for next year.Here’s the planned structure for the 2020 hurling league:Division 1 – Group A1st placed team 2019 Division 1A4th placed team 2019 Division 1AWinner of Division 1A relegation play-off2nd placed team 2019 Division 1B3rd placed team 2019 Division 1BPromoted Division 2A teamDivision 1 – Group B2nd placed team 2019 Division 1A3rd placed team 2019 Division 1ALoser of Division 1A relegation play-off1st placed team 2019 Division 1B4th placed team 2019 Division 1B5th placed team 2019 Division 1BDivision 2AIt’s already known that Westmeath (8 points) and Kerry (6 points) will contest the final. Antrim can draw level with Kerry if they beat London and Kerry lost to Meath but Kerry will win out on head-to-head due to their victory over Antrim in late January.The winners of the final will be promoted to Division 1B while it looks like either London (0 points) or Mayo (1 point) will face the drop. They have away trips to Antrim and Westmeath respectively this weekend before then playing a re-arranged fixture against each other on Sunday 10 March. The bottom placed side in this division will be relegated.Division 2BDerry (8 points), Down and Wicklow (6 points each) are all still in with a shout of contesting the divisional final, where the winners will claim promotion. Derry entertain Wicklow on Sunday with Down away to Kildare. All three sides could end up on equal points if Wicklow and Down win. Scoring difference would then come into play, currently it stands as Derry (+26), Down (+26) and Wicklow (+12). Donegal face Warwickshire on Sunday with bottom teams pointless after four rounds, and already guaranteed to face each other in a relegation play-off to determine who drops to Division 3B next year.Division 3ARoscommon (8 points) are already through to the final with Armagh (6 points) in pole position to join them. Armagh are away to Tyrone (4 points) on Sunday with Monaghan (4 points) the other side in with a shout as they travel to take on Louth.If three teams finish on six points scoring difference comes into play, if it’s two then head-to-head applies with Armagh already having convincingly defeated Monaghan. The bottom placed side will fall to the lower tier next year with Lancashire (0 points) and Louth (2 points) the teams in danger.Division 3BThe top two sides will advance to the Division 3B decider and that is already set to be Sligo and Longford (both on 6 points apiece), and playing each other in the last round on Sunday. Fermanagh and Cavan are on two points with Leitrim bottom as they have lost all their games.Note: An earlier version of this article stated that Laois, Carlow or Offaly could claim the last quarter-final place from Division 1B. This has now been corrected to Laois or Carlow.********************Bernard Jackman joins Murray Kinsella and Gavan Casey to discuss the backlash to World Rugby’s league proposal, captaincy styles, sports psychology and more in The42 Rugby Weekly. https://the42.ie/4517196 13 Comments Calculators at the ready…here’s the Allianz hurling league permutations The round-robin games conclude this weekend. 31,770 Views Thursday 28 Feb 2019, 4:36 PM Source: The42 Rugby Weekly/SoundCloudSubscribe to our new podcast, The42 Rugby Weekly, here: Feb 28th 2019, 4:36 PM Share28 Tweet Email By Fintan O’Toole Subscribe Short URL Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article
Wednesday 6 Mar 2019, 8:48 AM 10,532 Views Mar 6th 2019, 7:51 AM Updated Mar 6th 2019, 8:48 AM EVERY MORNING TheJournal.ie brings you all the news you need to know as you start the day.1. #BAD TO WORSE: The construction industry has said that Brexit could impact the housing crisis through spiralling costs, scarce materials and penalties. 2. #ROCKET SITE: North Korea is “rebuilding” its main satellite launch site, new photos have shown.3. #DENIAL: R Kelly has denied sexual abuse allegations made against him in his first TV interview since being charged.4. #DAY OF ACTION: Taoiseach Leo Varadkar has said he supports school students going on strike next week as part of a global action on climate change.5. #INVESTIGATION: London police are keeping an “open mind” over explosive devices sent to transport hubs from Dublin.6. #FITNESS TO PRACTICE: A consultant who is based at two children’s hospitals in Dublin had inappropriate contact with a patient’s mother in the UK, a fitness to practice tribunal has heard.7. #BALBRIGGAN: A Dublin man who sold 10 stolen cars on Donedeal told a court he “wanted to give [his] kids a good Christmas”. 8. #RIVER SHANNON: A Limerick man drowned after getting “snagged” on a car while swimming, an inquest heard.9. #FIGHTER: Wrestling legend King Kong Bundy has died at the age of 61.On the go? You can now listen to the 9 at 9 as an audio bulletin from TheJournal.ie, supported by Volkswagen. Get started by hitting the button below. By Sean Murray https://jrnl.ie/4526049 The 9 at 9: Wednesday Here’s the news as you start your day. Image: Shutterstock/Fotyma Short URL No Comments Image: Shutterstock/Fotyma Get the 9 at 9 News audio Share1 Tweet Email Tweet thisShare on FacebookEmail this article
Facebook Twitter: @NeosKosmos Instagram A successful return to the round paniyiri style Glendi has proved to be a fruitful move by Adelaide’s Greek community after festival goers showered the organisers with positive feedback. In excess of 15,000 people congregated in the park to enjoy Hellenic culture and festivities and enjoy the musical offerings of violinist and vocalist Nikos Hatzopoulos who was accompanied by local South Australian musicians. The Premier of South Australia Jay Weatherill was in attendance including a number of politicians such as State Liberal leader Steven Marshall and various dignitaries supported the festival over hte weekend. “[The distinguished guests] were very pleased with the event and what it offered to the broader South Australian community,” said Mike Diakomichalis said on behalf of Glendi Inc.The feedback received by the community has been overwhelming, especially for the organisers opting to return to a park setting for the 35th anniversary of the Glendi. The previous years have been held at Wayville Showgrounds. Adelaide’s community has taken to facebook to voice their approval of last weekend’s events with comments such as: “I think congrats [sic] need to go to the current committee for putting together a fantastic experience. Putting up with the Glendi at the showgrounds was just too much to ask anyone. Well done to all involved for organising a fantastic event” and “I had a good time Ssturday night and my mates and I went Sunday had a goodtime too. Just do it there again not showgrounds”.When asked if the Glendi will return to Bonython Park in 2014, Mr Diakomichalis said that the organisers “will definitely [keep the Glendi] in a park environment” but the decision on whether or not it will be Bonython Park again will be made early in the new year.
Le simple goût de la bière suffirait à ressentir du plaisirQui n’a jamais ressenti une sensation de plaisir en buvant la première gorgée d’une bière bien fraîche ? Une étude vient de montrer que le goût de la bière suffit a déclencher la libération de dopamine dans le cerveau. Les scientifiques connaissent depuis longtemps la raison pour laquelle l’alcool déclenche des vagues de plaisir. L’ivresse libère de la dopamine, un neurotransmetteur qui est également associé à d’autre activité comme le sommeil ou le sexe, et intervient dans le circuit de la récompense au sein du cerveau. En revanche, une nouvelle étude suggère que, pour certaines personnes, pas besoin d’aller jusqu’à l’état d’ébriété, pour ressentir une telle sensation. D’après des chercheurs américains qui publient leurs travaux dans la revue Neurophychopharmacology, le simple goût de la bière suffirait à provoquer en quelques minutes une libération de dopamine dans le cerveau. Pour en arriver là, les chercheurs, menés par David Kareken de l’Université Indiana ont conduit leur étude sur 49 hommes adultes chez qui ils ont surveillé les changements chimiques au sein du cerveau grâce à un scanner topographique à émission de positrons. Ce dernier leur a ainsi notamment permis de mesurer les différents niveaux de molécules présentes dans l’encéphale. Pour l’expérience, les scientifiques ont sélectionné des hommes avec différentes habitudes de consommation d’alcool.Certains étaient ainsi de grands consommateurs quand d’autres ne buvaient pratiquement pas. Tous ont également dû donner le nom de la bière qu’ils buvaient le plus fréquemment. Au cours de l’étude, les scientifiques ont utilisé un système automatique qui propulsait 15 millilitres de bière dans la bouche de chaque participant toutes les 15 minutes. Une quantité suffisante pour goûter le breuvage mais pas assez importante pour que l’alcool contenu ait un effet sur le corps des 49 hommes. D’importantes quantités de dopamine libérées grâce au goût À titre de comparaison, les mêmes tests ont été conduits avec de l’eau et la boisson énergétique Gatorade. Les résultats des tests ont alors été significatifs. Dès que les hommes ont goûté à la bière, leur cerveau a relâché de très hauts niveaux de dopamine en quelques minutes. Ainsi, le désir de consommer de la bière était plus élevé après avoir pris quelques gorgées de la boisson maltée qu’après de l’eau ou une boisson énergétique.”C’est la première fois que les résultats d’une étude montrent que le goût d’une boisson alcoolisée sur l’être humain, sans l’effet de l’alcool sur le corps, peut déclencher la libération de dopamine dans les centres de récompense du cerveau”, explique le professeur Kareken, repris par la BBC. Néanmoins, la quantité de dopamine relâchée n’est pas la même pour tout le monde. Les personnes présentant des antécédents de problèmes d’alcoolisme dans leur famille ont relâché beaucoup plus de dopamine après avoir goûté à la bière que les autres. À lire aussiLe mariage aiderait à prévenir les risques de démence, mais pourquoi ?Les grands consommateurs, sans passif d’alcoolisme, ont eux présenté des niveaux moyens de dopamine.Les chercheurs estiment ainsi que cette étude pourrait bien expliquer pourquoi certaines personnes sont plus prédisposées à l’alcoolisme que d’autres. Et pourquoi, il est plus difficile pour eux d’essayer d’arrêter. En effet, la libération immédiate de dopamine qui suit une petite gorgée de bière serait en fait un puissant mécanisme qui accentuerait leur désir de boire. Une vulnérabilité à l’alcoolisme génétique ?Ceci suggère que la tendance menant à la recherche du plaisir via l’alcool pourrait être héritée génétiquement. Ce résultat pourrait également expliquer en partie pourquoi les personnes avec un passé familial d’alcoolisme sont plus enclines à être, elles-mêmes, alcooliques. Cependant, ces découvertes restent à confirmer par d’autres études. “En ce qui concerne l’impact de l’historique familial, il est très difficile d’évaluer et de savoir ce que cela signifie donc nous ne pouvons être sûrs de l’effet ou de l’importance qu’il peut avoir”, a commenté dans un communiqué Peter Anderson, professeur à l’université de Newcastle.Cette étude complète toutefois de précédentes recherches qui avaient déjà permis de révéler que certains stimuli associés à l’alcool déclenchaient la libération de dopamine dans le cerveau. “C’est bien connu que n’importe quelle sorte de signaux, comme l’odeur, le goût, la vue, les habitudes peuvent susciter l’envie de boire”, a ajouté le professeur. Mais ce “papier démontre que le goût, à lui seul, agit sur les fonctions du cerveau associées au désir”. Le 16 avril 2013 à 11:44 • Emmanuel Perrin
SpaceX’s Starhopper Test Launch in Texas ScrubbedElon Musk’s Cheeky ‘Nuke Mars!’ Post Is Taking Over Twitter Stay on target Space travel ain’t easy, and SpaceX CEO Elon Musk knows it. Last year one of SpaceX’s rockets exploded on the launch pad causing damage that has left the company struggling to catch up on its orders. Soon the company will finally launch its ultra-heavy rocket, the Falcon Heavy. It’ll be the largest, most powerful rocket since the Saturn V ferried astronauts to the Moon in the 60s and 70s, and Musk thinks its maiden voyage will be a disaster, possibly repeating last year’s fiasco.“I hope it makes it far enough away from the pad that it does not cause pad damage. I would consider even that a win, to be honest,” Musk told NASA International Space Station program manager Kirk Shireman. “Major pucker factor, really; that’s, like, the only way to describe it.”Musk and Shireman spoke at the 2017 International Space Station Research and Development conference in DC just yesterday. The summit was a who’s who of advanced space and aeronautics research and engineering, but Musk, as he is wont to do, stole the show with talk of the Falcon Heavy, but not without reason.The US currently lacks a heavy-duty rocket, and Space X has had a bunch of spectacular wins recently. That has everyone buzzing with talk of the Falcon Heavy, because it will be the first vehicle since the Saturn V capable of carrying an astronaut to the Moon or even Mars. But Musk doesn’t want people jumping the gun. There’s a lot of technical hurdles his team had to address, and there’s plenty more testing it needs before people will be able to ride along.Falcon Heavy’s problem is a simple one, and it stems from Musk’s push to make space flight cheap and accessible — this rocket is basically just three Falcon 9s strapped together. But, obviously, that rocket wasn’t designed to work in tandem with others, so Musk and the team at SpaceX had to re-engineer the structure of the central column to support the additional weight and vibration. Not to mention account for extra drag, etc.All that means that the Falcon heavy loses a little bit of its theoretical maximum thrust, dropping it from 67 metric tons to 63.8.“At first, it sounds really easy: Just stick two first stages on as strap-on boosters. How hard can that be?” Musk said. “But then everything changes. All the loads change, aerodynamics change, you’ve tripled the vibration and acoustics… We had to redesign the whole center-core airframe. It’s not like the Falcon 9, because it’s got to take so much load.”Musk says that the engineering behind the new rocket was extensive, and given how much of the machine the team hasn’t been able to test in the lab, that a failure, crash, or explosion is likely. He promises that no matter what, the first mission will be “exciting.”There’s no official launch date set, but it’s likely to be early fall.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey.
Robot Successfully Delivers Coral Babies to Great Barrier ReefPatient-specific knee parts can now be 3D printed Stay on target For the first time, researchers at The Florida Aquarium have successfully reproduced a group of endangered Atlantic coral in a lab setting.The breakthrough, which enables sexual reproduction to occur entirely outside of the ocean, could ultimately help save local marine invertebrates from extinction.“When history is made, there is hope, and [this] scientific breakthrough … gives us real hope that we can save the Florida Reef Tract from extinction,” Roger Germann, president and CEO of The Florida Aquarium, said in a statement.The only living coral barrier reef in the continental United States, the Florida Reef is the third largest coral barrier reef system in the world—after Australia’s Great Barrier Reef and the Belize Barrier Reef.And while a quarter of all ocean life thrives on these fragile habitats, they are quickly being destroyed by pollution, overfishing, and climate change.The Florida Aquarium, in partnership with London’s Horniman Museum and Gardens, wants to change that.The pair joined forces in late 2017 to save coral reefs by predictably inducing corals to spawn in the lab—a restoration technique previously accomplished only with Pacific coral species.Turning their attention to Atlantic colonies, scientists spent months mimicking the natural environment of corals using advanced technology to reproduce the timing of sunrises, sunsets, moonrises, and moonsets to trigger procreation.The Florida Aquarium will raise juvenile corals long enough to give them a better chance of survival (via The Florida Aquarium)“The massive and fully synchronized spawning at The Florida Aquarium’s Center for Conservation, which occurred exactly at the predicted wild spawning time, indicated perfect aquatic conditions for pillar corals in our Project Coral system,” senior researcher Keri O’Neil said in a statement.“When you have great husbandry, great water quality, and all of the right environmental cues, this is what you can do,” she boasted. “You can change the game for coral restoration.”Moving forward, the aquarium plans to raise its juvenile corals long enough to give them a better chance of survival than if they’d been larvae in the ocean. The team will eventually use them to repopulate the Florida Reef Tract—perhaps using robots?“While many coral experts didn’t believe it could be done, we took that challenge to heart and dedicated our resources and expertise to achieve this monumental outcome,” according to Germann.“We remain fiercely committed to saving North America’s only barrier reef,” he continued, “and will now work even harder to protect and restore our Blue Planet.”The Florida Aquarium researchers are also working on different approaches to save multiple endangered species of coral imperative to the restoration and overall health of the local reef.More on Geek.com:Climate Change + Human Excrement = Death of Coral ReefsA Team of Special Forces Veterans Is Helping Save Florida’s Barrier ReefKey West, Florida Bans Sunscreens That Harm Coral ReefsPhotos: Eerie Underwater Sculptures Help Reef Growth
Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp#Bahamas, October 25, 2017 – Nassau – Veteran journalist and award-winning poet and photographer Eric Rose presented a copy of his book, Poetry of A Life Renewed to the Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture the Hon. Michael Pintard during a courtesy call at the Ministry on Monday.Born in Nassau, The Bahamas, to Doris McFall of Inagua and the late Cecil Rose of Cat Island, Mr. Rose has had a distinguished journalism career that began upon receiving his Mass Communications and Journalism Associates of Arts degree from The College of The Bahamas, and his Print Journalism Bachelor of Arts Degree from Clark Atlanta University (CAU). At the same time, he became the first of his mother’s children to attend college.At CAU, Mr. Rose was also awarded the Internal Journalism Award and served as Editor-In-Chief of the newspaper, “The Panther,” as well as acted in a number of plays.He most recently obtained his International Masters in International Communications at the Communications University of China, in Beijing. He was also the Class Monitor (President) and was one of the several chief researchers in the WeCreate Global Innovation Team of the New Media Institute at CUC.While in China, Mr. Rose became the first foreigner to win a top prize in the prestigious Ying Shi Ju (Mandarin Chinese for ‘taking photos, telling story, being together’) photography competition, which had been running for 12 years.He won the still-life category in the contest and his win was even more noteworthy because he had two photographs in the finals, both taken in the Bahamas and the winning one being taken in San Salvador.Also while in China, he introduced Bahamian culture during a presentation on Junkanoo at The High School Affiliated with Beijing Normal University, was one of only four international delegates invited to sit at the head table during the welcoming banquet for “Finding China in Yangzhou” in Yangzhou, and was a panelist at the Beijing International Micro-Film Festival “Young Directors in Hollywood” training camp programme, held in the Sanqing Mountain area of Shangrao. He also appeared on television in China a number of times.With more than 20 years’ experience as an award-winning photographer and almost 15 years as a photojournalist and writer, Mr. Rose has worked out of The Bahamas, with assignments taking him throughout the United States and as far away as the Caribbean, South America, Europe and The People’s Republic of China.He also had a double-page spread in American-published “Afar” Travel Magazine (January 2011), and his photos and articles about Bahamian culture have appeared in numerous books and magazines, including “Destination: Islands of The Bahamas”, two issues of “B.A.A.M.”; and Bahamasair’s Inflight Magazine.As a traveling photographer and photojournalist, Mr. Rose’s images appear in regional and international newspapers and on-line services, with his work featured in spreads throughout various publications.Mr. Rose was the official photographer for The Bahamas’ delegations to such events as the Meet-In-Beijing and Beijing Pop Festivals, the Isle of Wight (England) Festivals/Junkanoo Exchange and three consecutive Caribbean Festival of the Arts (Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana, respectively).He was also the Official Photojournalist/Journalist for the Bahamas National Children’s Choir performances in Prague, Czech Republic and China, as well as serving almost a decade as the traveling Official Photojournalist/Journalist for the E. Clement Bethel National Arts Festival.His fine-art scenery photographs are also on display in major hotels on Cable Beach in The Bahamas and in private residences, as well as in several calendars produced in The Bahamas, and the current Central Bank of The Bahamas Art Gallery Exhibition.Mr. Rose is a Senior Information Officer at the Bahamas Information Services and performs the duties of a journalist, photojournalist and is a former acting editor, with his work in many dailies and online. Mr. Rose received The Bahamas’ National Youth Achievement Award in 1992 and the Caribfest Award for Excellence in Literature in 1994 from the College of The Bahamas.As a teenager, his work with Junior Achievement led him to the post of the first International Vice President of the organisation’s International Students Forum, which garnered him a guest spot on the American cable network Black Entertainment Television’s show “Teen Summit” (the first Bahamian to appear on the talk show) and a chance to say “Good Morning!” on the nationally-syndicated morning programme “Good Morning, America.”Mr. Rose also delved into the music world, producing loop-based tracks that made it to the top of Sony’s AcidPlanet charts for World, Latin and Electronic music sub-genres, respectively, in the early 2000s, and was featured in radio commercials and a television show in The Bahamas.Mr. Rose shares his poetry on several broadcasts and at concerts and festivals, including Carifesta IX in 2006 and Carifesta X in 2008. He also read poetry before two consecutive Bahamian Governors-General, co-hosted a number of poetry shows and a limited production of “Lorraine Hainsberry: A Work in Progress,” in Atlanta, GA, showcased his original poem “Fairy Tales.” In print, his poetry has represented The Bahamas in the Carifesta Anthology of Poetry and four issues of the University of the West Indies Poui Journal of Creative Writing.He has one son, Antonio Carlos, and has worked in the past with various churches and civic groups, including The Family: People Helping People, Toastmasters and Kiwanis.Release: BISPhoto caption: Minister of Youth, Sports and Culture the Hon. Michael Pintard (left) receives a copy of the book, Poetry of A Life Renewed from veteran journalist and award-winning poet and photographer Eric Rose, during a courtesy call at the Ministry, on October 23, 2017.(MOYSC Photo /Indira Rankine) Related Items:
Time Inc.’s All You is looking to increase its penetration into the Hispanic women’s market with a multipoint holiday campaign. The magazine, aimed at practical, price-conscious consumers, is publishing a 12-page custom insert in the December issue, along with several mobile, social and digital components that will run through the first week of January.Diane Oshin, group publisher for All You, says the magazine’s audience is 11 to 12 percent Hispanic right now, trailing the overall population by 4 to 5 percent. She’s hoping to narrow that gap with this effort.”We thought we were doing a really good job in serving this market,” Oshin says. “If you look at our visuals—digitally, in the magazine, in any books, anything—you will see quite a diverse picture of women.” “[But] it was not doing the job,” she continues. “We recognized that it was not just about being inclusive visually. You needed to have the voice and the cultural cues of a Hispanic or Latina community.”The special issue is incorporating that voice and those cultural cues by turning to notable Latina bloggers for content—a community-driven content strategy that’s falls in line with the traditional editorial featured in All You.Oshin also noted that their research has shown high mobile and social penetration among Hispanics in the magazine’s target market. As such, they’ll have Latina contributors participate in Twitter chats and will highlight content (and the campaign’s sponsor, Nestlé) in multiple positions on the mobile site.See Also: All You Launches M-Commerce Pilot Program While All You will publish the content in English, Nestlé’s ultimate aim is to drive traffic to a Spanish-language site*, El Mejor Nido (“The Best Nest,” in English). Is that a conflicting goal?”Our marketers make their own decisions about that representation,” Oshin says. “We were quite diligent about whether we wanted this to be in Spanish or English, and everything that we learned about the community, even in homes where they’re bilingual, they [read in English]. We have so many young consumers and moms, and it’s a next generation that is much more acculturated than the prior generation of Hispanics. We took a forward-facing perspective and wanted to be sure we were going to be relevant with these young moms moving ahead.”All You will distribute 380,000 copies of the special issue to a mix of qualified subscribers and newsstands in key Hispanic markets.The magazine has seen total circulation rise steadily since 2008, currently standing at more than 1.5 million subscribers, per the Alliance for Audited Media. Ad pages have fallen since then though (as they have throughout the rest of the industry), dropping 5.6 percent year-over-year for the first three quarters of 2013, according to PIB. A spokesperson from All You says the magazine is up 6.05 percent in November however, and expects a 25-percent bump in December.*Editor’s note: Neslé also does provide an English-language version of the site, at elmejornido.com/en.
Jasin Boland/Marvel Studios In between MCU Phase 4 reveals for Marvel Studios’ films like Black Widow, Thor 4 and Shang-Chi, the first Marvel TV shows destined for the Disney Plus streaming service were detailed Saturday at San Diego Comic-Con 2019.Marvel’s WandaVision, starring Elizabeth Olsen and Paul Bettany, will have a multiverse aspect that will directly tie into 2021’s Doctor Strange: In The Multiverse of Madness. Also set for spring 2021 is Loki starring Tom Hiddleston. The actor confirmed at the panel that the show will feature the version of Loki seen in 2012’s first Avengers film. The show will also include an adult Monica Rambeau, first seen as a child in Captain Marvel, played by Teyonah Parris. Then come fall 2021, Disney Plus will debut the new Hawkeye series starring Jeremy Renner. It will feature Kate Bishop, who in the comics becomes a second Hawkeye. Marvel The Avengers Just announced in Hall H at #SDCC, Marvel Studios’ THE FALCON AND THE WINTER SOLDIER, an original series with Anthony Mackie, Sebastian Stan and Daniel Brühl. Streaming exclusively on Disney+, Fall 2020. pic.twitter.com/FmFMKWUrhO— Marvel Studios (@MarvelStudios) July 21, 2019 WandaVision is set to debut on Disney Plus in spring 2021.Coming a bit sooner than that will be The Falcon and the Winter Soldier, starring Anthony Mackie, Sebastian Stan and Daniel Brühl. A new logo for the show includes an aspect of Captain America’s design, possibly confirming that we’ll pick up with Falcon essentially being the new Cap. The show is set to debut in fall 2020. Share your voice Just announced in Hall H at #SDCC, Marvel Studios’ WHAT IF…?, the first animated series in the MCU, with Jeffrey Wright as the voice of The Watcher and many actors from across the MCU reprising their roles as voice talent. Streaming exclusively on Disney+, Summer 2021. pic.twitter.com/el6etc3xZH— Marvel Studios (@MarvelStudios) July 21, 2019 TV and Movies Just announced in Hall H at #SDCC, Marvel Studios’ HAWKEYE with Jeremy Renner, an original series that will also introduce Kate Bishop. Streaming exclusively on Disney+, Fall 2021. pic.twitter.com/qPH8M2TQSj— Marvel Studios (@MarvelStudios) July 21, 2019 “It does take place after Endgame.” And Lt. Trouble will appear!! She’ll be played as an adult by Teyonah Parris #MarvelSDCC #WandaVision #SDCC2019 pic.twitter.com/Nm4IvR4OUz— cait petrakovitz 🦹🏽♀️➡️#SDCC (@misscp) July 21, 2019 These TV shows will join Marvel films released theatrically starting in 2019 as exclusive to the Disney Plus service, which is set to debut Nov. 12 in the US for $7 a month. 3:04 Post a comment Now playing: Watch this: 0 The animated Marvel What If…? series will feature actor Jeffrey Wright as the narrator of a variety of stories that will change a major aspect of what was seen in the MCU films. For instance, one story could be what would happen if Peggy Carter became Captain America instead of Steve Rogers. That show will debut in summer 2021. WandaVision coming Spring 2021! “It’s gonna get weird!” says Elizabeth Olsen. #MarvelSDCC #SDCC2019 pic.twitter.com/DZ9hubXiaP— cait petrakovitz 🦹🏽♀️➡️#SDCC (@misscp) July 21, 2019 Tags Marvel’s Phase 4 plan explained Comic-Con Tom Huddleston confirms we will see @Avengers 2012 Loki as we know him! #MarvelSDCC #SDCC2019 pic.twitter.com/cz1NSrcJ46— cait petrakovitz 🦹🏽♀️➡️#SDCC (@misscp) July 21, 2019
New Delhi: Increased new penalties and provisions of punishment in the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 will help better adherence to traffic rules and decreased road accidents in India, the Geneva-based International Road Federation (IRF) said on Monday. The Act was passed in Parliament’s recently concluded monsoon session and has got the President’s assent. It is likely to come into effect from September 1. Also Read – One arrested for firing outside Satna college in Madhya Pradesh Advertise With Us IRF President Emeritus K.K. Kapila said in a statement: “(This) is an important step towards strengthening the legal framework for improving road safety in India… The heavy penalties in the Bill, the primary traffic law enforcement tool worldwide, will work as an important step towards strengthening the legal framework for improving road safety in India.” Also Read – Abrogation Of Article 370 Carried Out In Inhuman Way: Urmila Matondkar Advertise With Us IRF is a global body working for better and safer road mobility. Kapila noted that India accounts for more than 12 per cent of global road accident deaths. “Indian roads witness over 500,000 accidents each year resulting in about 147,000 fatalities. Motor accidents are also the leading cause of death among youth and children in the country.” Advertise With Us He added: “The provision of increased use of technology including use of cameras for capturing traffic violations and heavy fines … will help in better observance of rules.” Kapila said the new penalties covered juvenile driving, drunken driving, over-speeding and over-loading. “Even driving without a helmet for bikers will have a heavier penalty. Strengthening the provisions for regulating road users’ behaviour will contribute to the reduction of road traffic deaths and injuries in India.” He said the bill will help to improve the very poor driving licence regime in the country. Heavy Motor Vehicle drivers they have to undergo a test every two years, he pointed out. The provision of stringent penalties for road design and construction, engineering and maintenance companies would also make all involved more cautious and careful, said Kapila, who is also co-chairperson of the FICCI National Committee on Transport Infrastructure.
The daily Prothom Alo in association with non-government organisations Brac, Nirapad Sarak Chai (‘We demand Safe Roads’) and the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP), organises the roundtable on ‘Effective measures needed to stop road accidents.’Growing pressure on roads due to shrunken waterways and neglected rail communications is mostly responsible for the increasing numbers of road accidents.Speaking at a roundtable on Monday, professor Moazzem Hossain, director of the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET)’s Accident Research Institute (ARI), said in the past few decades, the pressure on roads has increased tremendously as 70 per cent of the people travel by roads and 75-80 per cent of cargo is transported by roads at present.The daily Prothom Alo in association with non-government organisations Brac, Nirapad Sarak Chai (‘We demand Safe Roads’) and the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP), organised the roundtable on ‘Effective measures needed to stop road accidents.’Moazzem Hossain said all concerned persons, including drivers, transport owners and pedestrians, must be aware of road safety to reduce the accidents.He said the BUET institute has submitted two projects to the government to improve road safety.The projects will primarily take care of speed-check on highways and setting up driving schools across the country.Addressing the roundtable, he also said the speed-check will help identify drivers of the speeding vehicles while the proposed school will help produce skilled drivers.Renowned movie star Ilias Kanchan, chairman of Nirapad Sarak Chai, said in the last two and half decades, the number of road accidents had significantly been reduced.“In 2012, a total of 8000 persons were killed in road crashes, but the number of deaths was reduced to 5000 in 2016 due to awareness initiatives,” he said.Ilias Kanchan said prior to 2011, there were more than two hundreds ‘black-spots’ on the highways. With the help of Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA), the number of these ‘black-spots’ has now been reduced to 65.He also said that local people’s representatives and politicians have made the process difficult for the authorities to bring the culprits to book.BRTA former chairman Mohammed Ayubur Rahman Khan said, though nearly 10 per cent drivers did not comply with the traffic rules, they are not the sole catalysts to the indiscriminate road accidents.“The engineers who create the black-spots on roads,the committee members who give licences to unskilled drivers and the authorities who certify unfit vehicles are equally responsible for the road accidents,” he added.He also said the most important thing is awareness. If the owners themselves are aware and guide their drivers, road accidents will significantly decrease.Awareness is the key to stop the road crashes, he added.Valerie Ann Taylor, founder of the Centre for the Rehabilitation of the Paralysed (CRP), said the number of deaths by being strangled by scarves (urna), is on the rise.Valerie Ann Taylor, who treated 45 cases of this kind, said, “If we counsel our relatives about this when they were going out, these accidents may be prevented.”Dilu Rikoba, whose only daughter was killed and husband and son seriously injured in a road crash, said, “I’ve lost my daughter and I can still feel her presence. Now my question is how much more news of such deaths of daughters do I have to witness in my life?”She urged the government to take quick initiatives to reduce the number of the casualties.Dhali Al-Mamun, who is one of the survivors of the accident in which famous film director Tareque Masud and journalist Ashfaque Munier Mishuk died, said corruption and mismanagement are behind every road accident.“I would call this a planned murder.”“I thinkthe case filed in connection with the incident is a wakeup call for all of us,” he added.Khandakar Enayet Ullah, general secretary of Dhaka Bus Owners Association, said, “We are usually blamed for every incident. But, many of the owners like me are working in this regard though the number is few.”He also said the over-speeding and over overloaded vehicles are considered prime causes behind road accidents.“I think the poor conditions of roads and traffic signals are also responsible for the road accidents.“Not only owners, but are the other government authorities involved with the process are responsible, as well,” he added.He also said the number of illegal vehicles – CNG-run local transports and three-wheeler –on highways is on the rise that is a key factor for accidents on highways.BRTA director Mahbub-E-Rabbani said, extra hours on the road for drivers and their lack of education also contribute significantly to road accidents.“Driving is very complex thing. A driver must keep in mind simultaneously some engineering and scientific aspects while he is driving a vehicle. Most of the drivers do not understand all this due to their lack of formal education,” he added.Educated people do not feel encouraged to work in the sector.Mohammed Atiqul Islam, deputy inspector general (DIG) of the Highway Police, said, “We conducted a study to find out causes behind increasing road accidents during Eid.”Among 18 causes, unawareness about road safety and roadside markets top the list, he added.He said Japan was faced with the problem in 1960s. But using the road safety awareness tool they had reduced number of accidents by 50 per cent.“If we can transform our mindsets towards the idea of safe transportation and if the authorities take it seriously, accidents will significantly be reduced in the near future.”Esha Chowdhury, director of operations, Traumalink, that provides emergency support to road accident victims, said, “It is a terrible situation. Our organisation provided medical assistance to 150 road crash victims since 22 August this year.”Brac Road Safety Programme director Ahmed Najmul Hossain told the roundtable that awareness about road safety has been increased more than any time in the past.He said, “We have developed a national action plan following the United Nations’ ‘Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020programme’.”He urged all the stakeholders to help bring the action plans into force.He also said women are mostly victims of the road accidents. “Thus we have included gender issue to the road safety guidelines.”Not mentioning the brand name, he also said there are huge numbers of vehicles of a certain automobile brand was rated ‘0’ by an UN agency, are running on our roads.“Thus, we should be very careful about vehicle rating while permitting new vehicles,” he added.Prothom Alo editor Matiur Rahman also addressed the roundtable, moderated by Prothom Alo associate editor Abdul Qayyum.